Lexer.cpp 21 KB
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// Copyright (c) 2008 Roberto Raggi <roberto.raggi@gmail.com>
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
// of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
// in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
// to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
// copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
// furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
//
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
// all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
// IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
// AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
// LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
// OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
// THE SOFTWARE.

#include "Lexer.h"
#include "Control.h"
#include "TranslationUnit.h"
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#include "Literals.h"
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#include "cppassert.h"

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#include <cctype>

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using namespace CPlusPlus;
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Lexer::Lexer(TranslationUnit *unit)
    : _translationUnit(unit),
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      _control(unit->control()),
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      _state(T_EOF_SYMBOL),
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      _flags(0),
      _currentLine(1)
{
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    f._scanKeywords = true;
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    setSource(_translationUnit->firstSourceChar(),
              _translationUnit->lastSourceChar());
}

Lexer::Lexer(const char *firstChar, const char *lastChar)
    : _translationUnit(0),
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      _control(0),
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      _state(T_EOF_SYMBOL),
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      _flags(0),
      _currentLine(1)
{
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    f._scanKeywords = true;
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    setSource(firstChar, lastChar);
}

Lexer::~Lexer()
{ }

TranslationUnit *Lexer::translationUnit() const
{ return _translationUnit; }

void Lexer::setSource(const char *firstChar, const char *lastChar)
{
    _firstChar = firstChar;
    _lastChar = lastChar;
    _currentChar = _firstChar - 1;
    _tokenStart = _currentChar;
    _yychar = '\n';
}

void Lexer::setStartWithNewline(bool enabled)
{
    if (enabled)
        _yychar = '\n';
    else
        _yychar = ' ';
}

int Lexer::state() const
{ return _state; }

void Lexer::setState(int state)
{ _state = state; }

bool Lexer::scanCommentTokens() const
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{ return f._scanCommentTokens; }
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void Lexer::setScanCommentTokens(bool onoff)
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{ f._scanCommentTokens = onoff; }
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bool Lexer::scanKeywords() const
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{ return f._scanKeywords; }
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void Lexer::setScanKeywords(bool onoff)
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{ f._scanKeywords = onoff; }
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void Lexer::setScanAngleStringLiteralTokens(bool onoff)
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{ f._scanAngleStringLiteralTokens = onoff; }
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void Lexer::pushLineStartOffset()
{
    ++_currentLine;

    if (_translationUnit)
        _translationUnit->pushLineOffset(_currentChar - _firstChar);
}

unsigned Lexer::tokenOffset() const
{ return _tokenStart - _firstChar; }

unsigned Lexer::tokenLength() const
{ return _currentChar - _tokenStart; }

const char *Lexer::tokenBegin() const
{ return _tokenStart; }

const char *Lexer::tokenEnd() const
{ return _currentChar; }

unsigned Lexer::currentLine() const
{ return _currentLine; }

void Lexer::scan(Token *tok)
{
    tok->reset();
    scan_helper(tok);
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    tok->f.length = _currentChar - _tokenStart;
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}

void Lexer::scan_helper(Token *tok)
{
  _Lagain:
    while (_yychar && std::isspace(_yychar)) {
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        if (_yychar == '\n') {
            tok->f.joined = false;
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            tok->f.newline = true;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.whitespace = true;
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        }
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        yyinp();
    }

    if (! _translationUnit)
        tok->lineno = _currentLine;

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    _tokenStart = _currentChar;
    tok->offset = _currentChar - _firstChar;

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    if (_state != T_EOF_SYMBOL && !_yychar) {
        tok->f.kind = T_EOF_SYMBOL;
        return;
    }

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    switch (_state) {
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    case T_EOF_SYMBOL:
        break;
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    case T_COMMENT:
    case T_DOXY_COMMENT: {
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        const int originalState = _state;

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        while (_yychar) {
            if (_yychar != '*')
                yyinp();
            else {
                yyinp();
                if (_yychar == '/') {
                    yyinp();
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                    _state = T_EOF_SYMBOL;
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                    break;
                }
            }
        }

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        if (! f._scanCommentTokens)
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            goto _Lagain;

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        tok->f.kind = originalState;
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        return; // done
    }
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    case T_CPP_COMMENT:
    case T_CPP_DOXY_COMMENT:
        tok->f.kind = _state;
        _state = T_EOF_SYMBOL;
        scanCppComment((Kind)tok->f.kind);
        return;
    default: // Strings
        tok->f.kind = _state;
        _state = T_EOF_SYMBOL;
        scanUntilQuote(tok, '"');
        return;
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    }
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    if (! _yychar) {
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        tok->f.kind = T_EOF_SYMBOL;
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        return;
    }

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    unsigned char ch = _yychar;
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    yyinp();

    switch (ch) {
    case '\\':
        while (_yychar != '\n' && std::isspace(_yychar))
            yyinp();
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        // ### CPP_CHECK(! _yychar || _yychar == '\n');
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        if (_yychar == '\n') {
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            tok->f.joined = true;
            tok->f.newline = false;
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            yyinp();
        }
        goto _Lagain;

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    case '"':
        scanStringLiteral(tok);
        break;
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    case '\'':
        scanCharLiteral(tok);
        break;
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    case '{':
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        tok->f.kind = T_LBRACE;
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        break;

    case '}':
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        tok->f.kind = T_RBRACE;
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        break;

    case '[':
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        tok->f.kind = T_LBRACKET;
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        break;

    case ']':
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        tok->f.kind = T_RBRACKET;
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        break;

    case '#':
        if (_yychar == '#') {
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            tok->f.kind = T_POUND_POUND;
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            yyinp();
        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_POUND;
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        }
        break;

    case '(':
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        tok->f.kind = T_LPAREN;
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        break;

    case ')':
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        tok->f.kind = T_RPAREN;
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        break;

    case ';':
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        tok->f.kind = T_SEMICOLON;
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        break;

    case ':':
        if (_yychar == ':') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_COLON_COLON;
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        } else if (_yychar == '>') {
            yyinp();
            tok->f.kind = T_RBRACKET;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_COLON;
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        }
        break;

    case '.':
        if (_yychar == '*') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_DOT_STAR;
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        } else if (_yychar == '.') {
            yyinp();
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            // ### CPP_CHECK(_yychar);
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            if (_yychar == '.') {
                yyinp();
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                tok->f.kind = T_DOT_DOT_DOT;
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            } else {
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                tok->f.kind = T_ERROR;
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            }
        } else if (std::isdigit(_yychar)) {
            const char *yytext = _currentChar - 2;
            do {
                if (_yychar == 'e' || _yychar == 'E') {
                    yyinp();
                    if (_yychar == '-' || _yychar == '+') {
                        yyinp();
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                        // ### CPP_CHECK(std::isdigit(_yychar));
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                    }
                } else if (std::isalnum(_yychar) || _yychar == '.') {
                    yyinp();
                } else {
                    break;
                }
            } while (_yychar);
            int yylen = _currentChar - yytext;
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            tok->f.kind = T_NUMERIC_LITERAL;
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            if (control())
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                tok->number = control()->numericLiteral(yytext, yylen);
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_DOT;
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        }
        break;

    case '?':
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        if (_yychar == '?') {
            yyinp();
            if (_yychar == '(') {
                yyinp();
                tok->f.kind = T_LBRACKET;
            } else if (_yychar == ')') {
                yyinp();
                tok->f.kind = T_RBRACKET;
            } else if (_yychar == '<') {
                yyinp();
                tok->f.kind = T_LBRACE;
            } else if (_yychar == '>') {
                yyinp();
                tok->f.kind = T_RBRACE;
            }
        } else {
            tok->f.kind = T_QUESTION;
        }
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        break;

    case '+':
        if (_yychar == '+') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_PLUS_PLUS;
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        } else if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_PLUS_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_PLUS;
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        }
        break;

    case '-':
        if (_yychar == '-') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_MINUS_MINUS;
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        } else if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_MINUS_EQUAL;
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        } else if (_yychar == '>') {
            yyinp();
            if (_yychar == '*') {
                yyinp();
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                tok->f.kind = T_ARROW_STAR;
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            } else {
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                tok->f.kind = T_ARROW;
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            }
        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_MINUS;
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        }
        break;

    case '*':
        if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_STAR_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_STAR;
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        }
        break;

    case '/':
        if (_yychar == '/') {
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            yyinp();

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            Kind commentType = T_CPP_COMMENT;
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            if (_yychar == '/' || _yychar == '!') {
                yyinp();
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                commentType = T_CPP_DOXY_COMMENT;
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            }

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            scanCppComment(commentType);
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            if (! f._scanCommentTokens)
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                goto _Lagain;
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            tok->f.kind = commentType;
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        } else if (_yychar == '*') {
            yyinp();
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            Kind commentKind = T_COMMENT;
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            if (_yychar == '*' || _yychar == '!') {
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                const char ch = _yychar;

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                yyinp();

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                if (ch == '*' && _yychar == '/')
                    goto _Ldone;

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                if (_yychar == '<')
                    yyinp();

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                if (! _yychar || std::isspace(_yychar))
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                    commentKind = T_DOXY_COMMENT;
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            }
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            while (_yychar) {
                if (_yychar != '*') {
                    yyinp();
                } else {
                    yyinp();
                    if (_yychar == '/')
                        break;
                }
            }

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        _Ldone:
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            if (_yychar)
                yyinp();
            else
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                _state = commentKind;
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            if (! f._scanCommentTokens)
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                goto _Lagain;
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            tok->f.kind = commentKind;
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        } else if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_SLASH_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_SLASH;
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        }
        break;

    case '%':
        if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_PERCENT_EQUAL;
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        } else if (_yychar == '>') {
            yyinp();
            tok->f.kind = T_RBRACE;
        } else if (_yychar == ':') {
            yyinp();
            tok->f.kind = T_POUND;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_PERCENT;
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        }
        break;

    case '^':
        if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_CARET_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_CARET;
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        }
        break;

    case '&':
        if (_yychar == '&') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_AMPER_AMPER;
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        } else if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_AMPER_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_AMPER;
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        }
        break;

    case '|':
        if (_yychar == '|') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_PIPE_PIPE;
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        } else if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_PIPE_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_PIPE;
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        }
        break;

    case '~':
        if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_TILDE_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_TILDE;
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        }
        break;

    case '!':
        if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_EXCLAIM_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_EXCLAIM;
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        }
        break;

    case '=':
        if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_EQUAL_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_EQUAL;
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        }
        break;

    case '<':
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        if (f._scanAngleStringLiteralTokens) {
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            const char *yytext = _currentChar;
            while (_yychar && _yychar != '>')
                yyinp();
            int yylen = _currentChar - yytext;
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            // ### CPP_CHECK(_yychar == '>');
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            if (_yychar == '>')
                yyinp();
            if (control())
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                tok->string = control()->stringLiteral(yytext, yylen);
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            tok->f.kind = T_ANGLE_STRING_LITERAL;
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        } else if (_yychar == '<') {
            yyinp();
            if (_yychar == '=') {
                yyinp();
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                tok->f.kind = T_LESS_LESS_EQUAL;
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            } else
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                tok->f.kind = T_LESS_LESS;
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        } else if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_LESS_EQUAL;
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        } else if (_yychar == ':') {
            yyinp();
            tok->f.kind = T_LBRACKET;
        } else if (_yychar == '%') {
            yyinp();
            tok->f.kind = T_LBRACE;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_LESS;
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        }
        break;

    case '>':
        if (_yychar == '>') {
            yyinp();
            if (_yychar == '=') {
                yyinp();
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                tok->f.kind = T_GREATER_GREATER_EQUAL;
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            } else
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                tok->f.kind = T_LESS_LESS;
            tok->f.kind = T_GREATER_GREATER;
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        } else if (_yychar == '=') {
            yyinp();
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            tok->f.kind = T_GREATER_EQUAL;
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        } else {
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            tok->f.kind = T_GREATER;
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        }
        break;

    case ',':
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        tok->f.kind = T_COMMA;
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        break;

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    default: {
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        if (_languageFeatures.objCEnabled) {
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            if (ch == '@' && _yychar >= 'a' && _yychar <= 'z') {
                const char *yytext = _currentChar;

                do {
                    yyinp();
                    if (! (isalnum(_yychar) || _yychar == '_' || _yychar == '$'))
                        break;
                } while (_yychar);

                const int yylen = _currentChar - yytext;
                tok->f.kind = classifyObjCAtKeyword(yytext, yylen);
                break;
            } else if (ch == '@' && _yychar == '"') {
                yyinp();
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                scanStringLiteral(tok, '"');
                break;
            }
        }
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        if (ch == 'L' || ch == 'u' || ch == 'U' || ch == 'R') {
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            // Either a literal or still an identifier.
            if (_yychar == '"') {
                yyinp();
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                if (ch == 'R')
                    scanRawStringLiteral(tok);
                else
                    scanStringLiteral(tok, ch);
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            } else if (_yychar == '\'') {
                yyinp();
                scanCharLiteral(tok, ch);
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            } else if (ch != 'R' && _yychar == 'R') {
                yyinp();
                if (_yychar == '"') {
                    yyinp();
                    scanRawStringLiteral(tok, ch);
                } else {
                    scanIdentifier(tok, 1);
                }
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            } else if (ch == 'u' && _yychar == '8') {
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                yyinp();
                if (_yychar == '"') {
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                    yyinp();
                    scanStringLiteral(tok, '8');
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                } else if (_yychar == '\'') {
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                    yyinp();
                    scanCharLiteral(tok, '8');
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                } else if (_yychar == 'R') {
                    yyinp();
                    if (_yychar == '"') {
                        yyinp();
                        scanRawStringLiteral(tok, '8');
                    } else {
                        scanIdentifier(tok, 2);
                    }
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                } else {
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                    scanIdentifier(tok, 1);
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                }
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            } else {
                scanIdentifier(tok);
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            }
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        } else if (std::isalpha(ch) || ch == '_' || ch == '$') {
            scanIdentifier(tok);
        } else if (std::isdigit(ch)) {
            scanNumericLiteral(tok);
        } else {
            tok->f.kind = T_ERROR;
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        }
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        break;
    } // default
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    } // switch
}
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void Lexer::scanStringLiteral(Token *tok, unsigned char hint)
{
    if (hint == 'L')
        tok->f.kind = T_WIDE_STRING_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == 'U')
        tok->f.kind = T_UTF32_STRING_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == 'u')
        tok->f.kind = T_UTF16_STRING_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == '8')
        tok->f.kind = T_UTF8_STRING_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == '@')
        tok->f.kind = T_AT_STRING_LITERAL;
    else
        tok->f.kind = T_STRING_LITERAL;
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    scanUntilQuote(tok, '"');
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}
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void Lexer::scanRawStringLiteral(Token *tok, unsigned char hint)
{
    const char *yytext = _currentChar;

    int delimLength = -1;
    const char *closingDelimCandidate = 0;
    while (_yychar) {
        if (_yychar == '(' && delimLength == -1) {
            delimLength = _currentChar - yytext;
            yyinp();
        } else if (_yychar == ')') {
            yyinp();
            if (delimLength == -1)
                break;
            closingDelimCandidate = _currentChar;
        } else {
            if (delimLength == -1) {
                if (_yychar == '\\' || std::isspace(_yychar))
                    break;
                yyinp();
            } else {
                if (!closingDelimCandidate) {
                    yyinp();
                } else {
                    if (_yychar == '"') {
                        if (delimLength == _currentChar - closingDelimCandidate) {
                            // Got a matching closing delimiter.
                            break;
                        }
                    }

                    // Make sure this continues to be a valid candidate.
                    if (_yychar != *(yytext + (_currentChar - closingDelimCandidate)))
                        closingDelimCandidate = 0;

                    yyinp();
                }
            }
        }
    }

    int yylen = _currentChar - yytext;

    if (_yychar == '"')
        yyinp();

    if (control())
        tok->string = control()->stringLiteral(yytext, yylen);

    if (hint == 'L')
        tok->f.kind = T_RAW_WIDE_STRING_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == 'U')
        tok->f.kind = T_RAW_UTF32_STRING_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == 'u')
        tok->f.kind = T_RAW_UTF16_STRING_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == '8')
        tok->f.kind = T_RAW_UTF8_STRING_LITERAL;
    else
        tok->f.kind = T_RAW_STRING_LITERAL;
}

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void Lexer::scanCharLiteral(Token *tok, unsigned char hint)
{
    if (hint == 'L')
        tok->f.kind = T_WIDE_CHAR_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == 'U')
        tok->f.kind = T_UTF32_CHAR_LITERAL;
    else if (hint == 'u')
        tok->f.kind = T_UTF16_CHAR_LITERAL;
    else
        tok->f.kind = T_CHAR_LITERAL;
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    scanUntilQuote(tok, '\'');
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}
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void Lexer::scanUntilQuote(Token *tok, unsigned char quote)
{
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    CPP_CHECK(quote == '"' || quote == '\'');
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    const char *yytext = _currentChar;
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    while (_yychar
           && _yychar != quote
           && _yychar != '\n') {
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        if (_yychar == '\\')
            scanBackslash((Kind)tok->f.kind);
        else
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            yyinp();
    }
    int yylen = _currentChar - yytext;
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    if (_yychar == quote)
        yyinp();
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    if (control())
        tok->string = control()->stringLiteral(yytext, yylen);
}
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void Lexer::scanNumericLiteral(Token *tok)
{
    const char *yytext = _currentChar - 1;
    while (_yychar) {
        if (_yychar == 'e' || _yychar == 'E') {
            yyinp();
            if (_yychar == '-' || _yychar == '+') {
                yyinp();
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                // ### CPP_CHECK(std::isdigit(_yychar));
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            }
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        } else if (std::isalnum(_yychar) || _yychar == '.') {
            yyinp();
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        } else {
            break;
        }
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    }
    int yylen = _currentChar - yytext;
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    tok->f.kind = T_NUMERIC_LITERAL;

    if (control())
        tok->number = control()->numericLiteral(yytext, yylen);
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}

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void Lexer::scanIdentifier(Token *tok, unsigned extraProcessedChars)
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{
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    const char *yytext = _currentChar - 1 - extraProcessedChars;
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    while (std::isalnum(_yychar) || _yychar == '_' || _yychar == '$')
        yyinp();
    int yylen = _currentChar - yytext;
    if (f._scanKeywords)
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        tok->f.kind = classify(yytext, yylen, _languageFeatures);
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    else
        tok->f.kind = T_IDENTIFIER;

    if (tok->f.kind == T_IDENTIFIER) {
        tok->f.kind = classifyOperator(yytext, yylen);
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        if (control())
            tok->identifier = control()->identifier(yytext, yylen);
    }
}
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void Lexer::scanBackslash(Kind type)
{
    yyinp(); // skip '\\'
    if (_yychar && !std::isspace(_yychar)) {
        yyinp();
        return;
    }
    while (_yychar != '\n' && std::isspace(_yychar))
        yyinp();
    if (!_yychar) {
        _state = type;
        return;
    }
    if (_yychar == '\n') {
        yyinp();
        while (_yychar != '\n' && std::isspace(_yychar))
            yyinp();
        if (!_yychar)
            _state = type;
    }
}

void Lexer::scanCppComment(Kind type)
{
    while (_yychar && _yychar != '\n') {
        if (_yychar == '\\')
            scanBackslash(type);
        else if (_yychar)
            yyinp();
    }
}